Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the SoftArc Engineering Ltd. Answer: Introduction SoftArc Engineering Ltd is a civil engineering company that is based out of Australia and also has a global presence with operations in various other countries such as Indonesia, Timor Leste and Papua New Guinea. With the increase in the expansion of cloud computing, the organization has decided to move some of its infrastructure to the cloud. The move would lead to cost-savings in terms of ICT infrastructure and would also streamline the services and operations that would be involved. Approaches to Office Automation There are several approaches that are present which can be adopted in order to automate the office at SoftArc Engineering Ltd. Each of the approach has its own set of advantages and drawbacks associated with it and an analysis has been done to understand the most applicable approach out of all. Ad-Hoc Approach to Office Automation SoftArc Engineering Ltd has taken a step to move towards cloud in its infrastructure. The decision will bring along a lot many changes and it would not be advisable to move the entire set up all at once. However, there would only be certain components that would be required to be moved in the beginning of the migration process. Ad-hoc approach to office automation can therefore be implemented at SoftArc Engineering Ltd to migrate the components to the cloud. It is the approach in which the components to be moved along with the planning behind the same would be done on an ad-hoc basis which would be task specific in nature. The decision on what components are required to be moved along with the timeframe and methodology that would be adopted in migration would also be ad-hoc and value based in nature. There will be several advantages that will be offered with this approach as the automation of the office will bring along several changes which will be easily tackled with the aid of ad-hoc approach. Also, the automation process will take place in a number of iterations and there will be specific components that will be included in single iteration instead of all of the components at once. The experts at the end of the organization will also be actively involved to monitor the entire process to provide their valuable feedbacks. The feedbacks will be included in the next iterations which would make sure that the office automation at the end is done without any faults or errors. There will be certain drawbacks that will be involved with this approach as well. The costs that will be associated with this approach will be high as there will be a number of hidden costs that will be involved. Also, there will be issues associated with documentation that may come up. Ad-hoc approach to office automation will not pay much attention on the documentation of the activities that will be covered which may make it difficult to refer to the activities covered in the past at the later stages. Pilot Approach Another approach that may be followed in the office automation of SoftArc Engineering Ltd can be pilot approach. It is the approach in which the migration and conversion process is rolled out to the group of test users and experts and their valuable feedback is collected before rolling out the same to larger sections. In case of SoftArc Engineering Ltd, the migration of office components to the cloud is required to be done which would lead to the creation and adaptation of automation in the office. As per the pilot approach, all of the automation activities shall be done in one go and a group of test users and experts shall be selected to roll out the migration processes to. The feedback would then be collected from the group of test users and the further processes will be carried out as per the feedback that would be provided. If there will be no changes highlighted in the feedback received, then the processes associated with office automation will be rolled out to larger sections. However, in case of certain changes and modifications, the rectification activities will be performed before rolling out the processes further. There will be several advantages of this process as the probability of the risks associated with errors or defects will be the least. There will also be a section of people in the organization that would gain an expertise on the new system and the group may provide further trainings to other resources as and when required. There would also be improvement processes that will be involved as the feedback of the test group would be considered as extremely valuable. There will however be certain drawbacks associated with the process as well. Over-reliance on the test group is one of the major drawbacks as the feedback of the members in the test group will be considered as final. If there will be any issues in their skill sets then it would impact the entire organization. Recommended Approach On the basis of the analysis that has been carried out above on the approach to adapt for office automation and the pros and cons of each approach, the one that would be most applicable in case of SoftArc Engineering Ltd would be ad-hoc approach. There will be lesser risks that will be involved in case of ad-hoc approach as compared to the pilot approach for office automation. Also, the task-specific nature of the ad-hoc approach will be beneficial for the organization. Difference between Locally Hosted Data Centre IaaS Provider in a Public Cloud There are a lot of differences between the enterprise data centre that is locally hosted in nature and the one that is based upon Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) provider in a public cloud. Some of these points of difference have been summarized in the table below. Point of Difference Locally Hosted Enterprise Data Centre IaaS Provider in Public Cloud Servers The servers in case of locally hosted enterprise data centre are co-located in nature The servers in case of IaaS provider in public cloud are integrated in nature Fault Tolerance Servers in this case are dependent upon each other and therefore failures in one of the servers or areas impact others as well The servers in case of IaaS provider in public cloud are fault tolerant in nature Resources Resources in the case of locally hosted enterprise data centre are partitioned and performance inter-related in nature Resources in the case of IaaS provider in public cloud are unified and performance isolated in nature Management Management activities that are required to be carried out are based upon manual operations which lead to a number of faults and errors Management activities in this case are automated in nature that yield centralized full control Scheduling Scheduling in case of locally hosted enterprise data centre are over-provisioning in nature Scheduling in the case of IaaS provider in public cloud is flexible and scalable in nature Renting Renting in case of locally hosted enterprise data centre is per physical machine Renting in the case of IaaS provider in public cloud is per logical usage Application and Services Applications and services in this case are fixed on designated servers Applications and services in this case run and move across all the VMs Critical Issues and Factors There are several issues and factors apart from the cost that SoftArc Engineering Ltd would be required to consider before moving to IaaS model of cloud computing. Some of these factors have been summarized below. Planning is an essential activity that is required to be carried out and it is often observed that the organizations face many risks in adopting a new technology. It would be necessary for SoftArc Engineering Ltd to understand the actual need of cloud in its infrastructure rather than moving to cloud just for the sake of it. Incorrect estimation of need would lead to cost overruns and other risks associated with the cloud. Planning would be essential to choose the appropriate IaaS vendor to select from. It would also be essential to perform a market research and market analysis on the IaaS vendor that would be selected for the organization. Assessment of the viability and longevity of the vendor shall be done. It has been observed that there are several vendors in the market that risk the investments of the clients. Also, there are vendors that take up the projects and contracts but do not have sufficient resources to accomplish the project objectives leading to a huge damage as a result. It would therefore be essential to perform a market analysis of all of these factors. Implementation and migration from the traditional practices to the IaaS cloud would require support from other systems and departments as well such as IT department and legal department. There would be a lot many architectural differences that will be present and it would be essential to understand all of these differences. The organization would be required to evaluate the technical depth to understand the technicalities along with the level of integration and collaboration that would be required. Before selecting the IaaS provider and the components to migrate, this analysis would be required to be performed. Data storage and data management associated with IaaS cloud provider along with the features such as data back-up and recovery options would be required to be analyzed and understood. There will be a lot of data that will be associated with the organization and this data would be migrated to IaaS cloud upon its implementation. Assessment therefore would be required to be done to understand the in-depth details around data storage and management. It would also be essential to understand the level of post-delivery support that will be provided by the IaaS service provider. There are often cases that the service provider do not provide the required level of maintenance and support post deployment that leaves the users and customers with a lot of trouble. Analysis of these factors would therefore be required to be done. Security mechanisms and security features that are associated with the IaaS service provider would also play an important role in the selection of the vendor. There are several security vulnerabilities that are associated with cloud computing and with the migration of SoftArc Engineering Ltd components to the cloud, these security risks would be associated with the organization as well. It would therefore be essential to make sure that the vendor has suitable measures to detect, prevent and control all of these risks and attacks. There would also be certain system qualities that would be required to be considered while making the selection for IaaS provider. Performance of the cloud services would be required to be excellent and it would be essential that there is minimum response time and throughput time for each request. Reliability of the cloud services would be essential as it would be necessary to ensure that the information and processes are valid at all times Availability of the services would be essential to be validated as well. Difference between IaaS, PaaS and SaaS Software as a Service Software as a Service (SaaS) is a cloud deployment model in which the applications along with the services are hosted on the cloud by SaaS vendor and the customers are allowed to access the same with the aid of a network which is primarily Internet in majority of the cases. The service provider of cloud provides the customers and the end-users with a license to the services that are provided. Convenient web access to the customers for the services that are availedSoftware can be easily managed through the centrally located pointSaaS model makes use of on-to-many schemeMaintenance and upgrades are not the botheration of the users in this caseIntegration of the services along with their collaboration is easy Platform as a Service Platform as a Service (PaaS) is a cloud deployment model in which it is extremely easy to build up the application and the services with any complexities associated with the maintenance of the same. Installations and downloads are not necessary in this case. Characteristics of the model are as listed below.There is a common standard that is followed all throughout for integration and management activities along with the databaseUser experience and the ease of usability that comes with this model is high and there are several customization options provided to the usersMulti-tenant architecture is followed in the case of PaaS which provides the opportunity to more than one user to perform the operations and activities simultaneouslyThe services that are offered with this model are also scalable in nature Infrastructure as a Service Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud deployment model in which cloud services and deliveries are offered with the help of a number of outsourcing of the equipment such as storage options, hardware and database along with the networking tools. More than one user is allowed to access a machine or a hardware or a tool associated with IaaSDynamic scaling is possible with IaaS that allows scaling up and scaling down as and when requiredCost of availing this particular model varies on the basis of the features that are requiredResources that are associated with IaaS are distributed in nature Recommended Model and Reasons for Recommendation The model that has been recommended for this case is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) model for cloud computing. The model has been selected for SoftArc Engineering Ltd as ad-hoc approach for migration to cloud will amalgamate perfectly with this model. The decision on what components are required to be moved along with the timeframe and methodology that would be adopted in migration would also be ad-hoc and value based in nature. There will be several advantages that will be offered with this approach as the automation of the office will bring along several changes which will be easily tackled with the aid of ad-hoc approach. Also, the automation process will take place in a number of iterations and there will be specific components that will be included in single iteration instead of all of the components at once. The experts at the end of the organization will also be actively involved to monitor the entire process to provide their valuable feedbacks. The feedbacks will be included in the next iterations which would make sure that the office automation at the end is done without any faults o r errors. IaaS model for cloud computing will easily fit in with the above strategy that will be followed and will also offer the following advantages. More than one user is allowed to access a machine or a hardware or a tool associated with IaaSDynamic scaling is possible with IaaS that allows scaling up and scaling down as and when requiredCost of availing this particular model varies on the basis of the features that are requiredResources that are associated with IaaS are distributed in nature Possible Risks and Problems Shared Access Multi-tenancy and multi-tasking are the two essential features that are associated with IaaS cloud model and it is because of these two features that the multiple users will be allowed to obtain access at the same time. There will be sharing of a number of entities such as memory, tools and database that will also be involved. Shared access along with sharing of all of these resources may lead to the emergence of risks such as those associated with spoofing and IP addresses leading to risks to the information security. Cost and time The cost that is involved with the IaaS cloud model is varied in nature and depends entirely upon the tasks and components that are involved. Estimation of the costs and budget along with the timeframe that would be required to accomplish all of the activities would therefore be troublesome and would also involve a number of complexities. Legislation and Regulation The information associated with SoftArc Engineering Ltd would be private and confidential in nature and any violation of these properties will lead to the emergence of a number of risks and security occurrences. The same may also cause a number of legislative and regulatory complexities and troubles. Authentication, authorization and access control Security mechanisms and security features that are associated with the IaaS service provider would also play an important role in the selection of the vendor. There are several security vulnerabilities that are associated with cloud computing and with the migration of SoftArc Engineering Ltd components to the cloud, these security risks would be associated with the organization as well. It would therefore be essential to make sure that the vendor has suitable measures to detect, prevent and control all of these risks and attacks. Availability IaaS cloud model has the features of availability and excellent fault tolerance associated with it. However, there are still cases of unavailability of services that are encountered that lead to the dissatisfaction among the customers. Data Authority and Ownership In case of involvement of IaaS provider it would be essential to define the authority and ownership rights associated with the organization to avoid any of the ambiguities and confusions at the later stages. Measures to Overcome There are a number of measures that may be adopted by the organization along with the IaaS vendor to avoid the issues and problems that have been stated above. Security infrastructure and mechanisms would be required to be designed in such a manner that the basic as well as advanced security is enhanced. Also, there would be in-depth planning analysis required to make sure that there are no errors or deviations experienced in the journey. Data storage, data management along with its back-up and recovery would also play an extremely important role. Conclusion SoftArc Engineering Ltd is a civil engineering company that is based out of Australia and also has a global presence with operations in various other countries such as Indonesia, Timor Leste and Papua New Guinea. With the increase in the expansion of cloud computing, the organization has decided to move some of its infrastructure to the cloud. On the basis of the analysis that has been carried out on the approach to adapt for office automation and the pros and cons of each approach, the one that would be most applicable in case of SoftArc Engineering Ltd would be ad-hoc approach. There will be lesser risks that will be involved in case of ad-hoc approach as compared to the pilot approach for office automation. Also, the task-specific nature of the ad-hoc approach will be beneficial for the organization. The model that has been recommended for this case is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) model for cloud computing. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud deployment model in wh ich cloud services and deliveries are offered with the help of a number of outsourcing of the equipment such as storage options, hardware and database along with the networking tools. Security infrastructure and mechanisms would be required to be designed in such a manner that the basic as well as advanced security is enhanced. Also, there would be in-depth planning analysis required to make sure that there are no errors or deviations experienced in the journey. References Alashoor, Tawfiq, "Cloud Computing: A Review Of Security Issues And Solutions" (2014) 3 International Journal of Cloud Computing Chen, Bo and Wenjia Liu, "Mobile Agent Computing Paradigm For Building A Flexible Structural Health Monitoring Sensor Network" (2010) 25 Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering D.Pramodh, D.Pramodh and Abdul Mazid, "Improving Utilization Of Infrastructure Cloud Computing Reference Architecture" (2011) 2 Indian Journal of Applied Research Hu, Yu, "Comparisons Of Cloud Computing Models And Technologies" (2012) 524-527 Advanced Materials Research Jaatun, Martin et al, "The Design Of A Redundant Array Of Independent Net-Storages For Improved Confidentiality In Cloud Computing" (2012) 1 Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications Kikuchi, Shinji, Shelly Sachdeva and Subhash Bhalla, "Cloud Computing Based PHR Architecture Using Multi Layers Model" (2012) 05 Journal of Software Engineering and Applications Morrell, Richard and Akash Chandrashekar, "Cloud Computing: New Challenges And Opportunities" (2011) 2011 Network Security Nasr, Dr.Mona M. and Shimaa Ouf, "A Proposed Smart E-Learning System Using Cloud Computing Services: Paas, Iaas And Web 3.0" (2012) 7 International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) Samba, Augustine, "Logical Data Models For Cloud Computing Architectures" (2012) 14 IT Professional Shahzad, Abid and Mureed Hussain, "Security Issues And Challenges Of Mobile Cloud Computing" (2013) 6 International Journal of Grid and Distributed Computing Shahzad, Farrukh, "State-Of-The-Art Survey On Cloud Computing Security Challenges, Approaches And Solutions" (2014) 37 Procedia Computer Science Sharma, Ritu and Manu Sood, "Enhancing Cloud SAAS Development With Model Driven Architecture" (2011) 1 International Journal on Cloud Computing: Services and Architecture Simou, Stavros et al, "A Survey On Cloud Forensics Challenges And Solutions" (2016) 9 Security and Communication Networks Vaquero, Luis M., "Educloud: Paas Versus Iaas Cloud Usage For An Advanced Computer Science Course" (2011) 54 IEEE Transactions on Education Villari, Massimo et al, "Osmotic Computing: A New Paradigm For Edge/Cloud Integration" (2016) 3 IEEE Cloud Computing Martin Jaatun et al, "The Design Of A Redundant Array Of Independent Net-Storages For Improved Confidentiality In Cloud Computing" (2012) 1Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications. Augustine Samba, "Logical Data Models For Cloud Computing Architectures" (2012) 14IT Professional. D.Pramodh D.Pramodh and Abdul Mazid, "Improving Utilization Of Infrastructure Cloud Computing Reference Architecture" (2011) 2Indian Journal of Applied Research. Massimo Villari et al, "Osmotic Computing: A New Paradigm For Edge/Cloud Integration" (2016) 3IEEE Cloud Computing. Yu Hu, "Comparisons Of Cloud Computing Models And Technologies" (2012) 524-527Advanced Materials Research. Bo Chen and Wenjia Liu, "Mobile Agent Computing Paradigm For Building A Flexible Structural Health Monitoring Sensor Network" (2010) 25Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. Stavros Simou et al, "A Survey On Cloud Forensics Challenges And Solutions" (2016) 9Security and Communication Networks. Farrukh Shahzad, "State-Of-The-Art Survey On Cloud Computing Security Challenges, Approaches And Solutions" (2014) 37Procedia Computer Science. Ritu Sharma and Manu Sood, "Enhancing Cloud SAAS Development With Model Driven Architecture" (2011) 1International Journal on Cloud Computing: Services and Architecture. Luis M. Vaquero, "Educloud: Paas Versus Iaas Cloud Usage For An Advanced Computer Science Course" (2011) 54IEEE Transactions on Education. Dr.Mona M. Nasr and Shimaa Ouf, "A Proposed Smart E-Learning System Using Cloud Computing Services: Paas, Iaas And Web 3.0" (2012) 7International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET). Shinji Kikuchi, Shelly Sachdeva and Subhash Bhalla, "Cloud Computing Based PHR Architecture Using Multi Layers Model" (2012) 05Journal of Software Engineering and Applications. Abid Shahzad and Mureed Hussain, "Security Issues And Challenges Of Mobile Cloud Computing" (2013) 6International Journal of Grid and Distributed Computing. Tawfiq Alashoor, "Cloud Computing: A Review Of Security Issues And Solutions" (2014) 3International Journal of Cloud Computing. Richard Morrell and Akash Chandrashekar, "Cloud Computing: New Challenges And Opportunities" (2011) 2011Network Security.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Write an opinion editorial (Op-Ed) in a topic " Marriage equality " that critically analyses the challenges with realising aspirations of the common good in your professional community, locally and globally. Answer: Marriage equality is all about justice and law and is not a concern related to procreation and religion. The modern religious communities claim that it is upon them to state how and who should be entitled to marriage. However, marriage being the religious duty not only predated these religions but also was not even considered as a part of any celebration, in case of Christianity, in particular until the 9th century. Since then marriage and the legal privileges have undergone significant changes irrespective of any religious claims relating to the resolute and sacred immutability. In the contemporary era, marriage is all about two adults who are non-related to each other and intends to acknowledge their love for each other legally. The concept of marriage equality signifies the change in the definition of marriage in the Marriage Act 1961 from a man and a woman to two people in the statute. This was claimed to ensure that the statute was favorable for same-sex marriages, thus, rendering the statute genderless in terms of the matter of who one is entitled to get married legally (Becker, 2015). Several factors attribute to the opposition of marriage equality such as aged people, in particular, who are comfortable with their long-held beliefs including their religious beliefs. It is a well-known fact that it is difficult to except changing attitudes towards the long established social beliefs and rules. In this context, a former Justice of the High Court of Australia [1996-2009], Michael Kirby AC CMG has stated about his own experience and attitudes towards the changing attitudes towards the acceptance of same-sex marriage. He was himself homosexual and being in a relationship with his male partner signified the conventional beliefs of his legal values and his legal rights within which he was raised. It is a fact that accepting new attitudes in old institutions is bound to face opposition (Cahill, 2015). Some of the opponents of marriage equality usually use religious beliefs, non-faith-based arguments to justify their beliefs and arguments. Such arguments include the age-old belief that marriage can only take place between heterosexual persons and that procreation of children is essential to marriage, which makes heterosexual marriage most appropriate way to form families. These arguments imply an attempt to disguise the underlying motivation of such people, which is to promote their long-held conventional beliefs (Tebbe, 2015). If such motivation were not subjected to frequent examination, it would prejudice the heterosexual persons. The two essential arguments that arises in this context is whether religious belief should have any role to play in determining public policy regarding civil same-sex marriage in the Australian community. The second essential argument is to oppose the proposition that marriage is the union of a man and a woman. In regards to the first argument, the right of people to oppose same-sex marriage on the grounds of faith is respected. The significance of marriage in various faiths and the right of the people to perform marriages as per their rituals and teachings is also respected. Similarly, the right of several faiths to determine who they want to get married and under what situation, should be equally respected. This is evident from the fact when one of Australias leading Catholic thinker, Frank Brennan has asserted that legalization of same-sex marriage signifies common good as civil marriage cannot be considered as some instrument of the church. He referred to the legalization of same-sex marriage and support of marriage equality in like-minded nations such as New Zealand and Britain to support such change and endow the couple with consistency while moved worldwide. In regards to the second argument, which defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman the opposition to marriage, equality derives from the age-old belief that is considered unchangeable. Father Brennan promoted the teachings of Catholic Church on marriage stating that it should take place between man and a woman but this concept should be segregated from civil marriage, which is a distinct institution from the marriage concept in the Catholic Church. He further stated that the concerns relating to religious freedom are valid but the same shall be dealt with by the Parliament (Eskridge, 2014). Consequently, the parliament of Australia has assented for legalization of same-sex marriage in the nation and the Bill is likely to be enforced within few months. The aspirations of common good with respect to marriage equality can be achieved if legal equality of marriage concerns more than marriage as a ceremony. It should not imply exclusion of any group in the community but it is to ensure the group has easy access to the legal right to be married. Reference list Becker, J. (2015).Forcing the spring: Inside the fight for marriage equality. Penguin. Bernstein, M., Taylor, V. (2013).The Marrying Kind?: Debating Same-Sex Marriage within the Lesbian and Gay Movement. University of Minnesota Press. Cahill, C. M. (2015). The Oedipus Hex: Regulating Family After Marriage Equality.UCDL Rev.,49, 183. Eskridge Jr, W. N. (2014). The Marriage Equality Cases and Constitutional Theory.Cato Sup. Ct. Rev., 111. Tebbe, N. (2015). Religion and Marriage Equality Statutes.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Cornell University set a record-high of 47,038 applications for the class of 2021, and also a record-low acceptance rate of 12.5%. Cornell University broke the record set by the Class of 2020 with a 4.6% increase in the number of applications. Out of the 47,038 applications received this year, 5,889 were accepted including both early and regular applicants. This marks a 1.5% drop from last yearÃ¢â¬â¢s acceptance rate, with only 12.5% of this yearÃ¢â¬â¢s applicants getting an offer. Another 5,713 students were offered a spot on the waitlist. Cornell filled 42% of its incoming freshmen class through the binding Early Decision program. The university saw a 10.3% increase in the number of early applications, a total of 5,384, and admitted 1,378 students. The admissions office credits the targeted recruitment process as the reason for the drastic application increase. The university also reported that 23.3% of early admits are legacy students, while another 13.4% are student-athletes. This new Class of 2021 includes 30.2% of underrepresented minority students, 9% international students, and 700 first-generation students. Cornell has also admitted 60 freshmen to its Freshman Year Spring Admits (FYSA) Program, which started in 2015, to expand education opportunities for students at Cornell. This last semester was the second enrolled class in the College of Agriculture Life Science and College of Arts and Sciences. Congratulations to the Cornell Class of 2021! To those still waiting on results, good luck! Check out our list of major admission decision release dateshere. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t let your application essays and materials go to waste. Join otherCornell Admitsand turn your success into insights for future applicants bycreating a profile. Plus, you get to earn some extra money!
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Poor infrastructure Essays Poor infrastructure Essay Poor infrastructure Essay Mozambique is still relatively poor as a country in economic terms, although it is rich in others such as copious fishing waters that are underused in the global markets due to poor infrastructure. Mozambique was lead by the Portuguese government who were ill equipped to compete adequately on an international and global level. When globalisation took off in other African states, Mozambique was left behind, and never had an industrial revolution. This meant that although there was plenty of opportunity to further develop the country and equip it with the ability to trade on global levels, other capitalist states and markets were far more advanced, with a good infrastructure that opened them up to the markets. The people of Mozambique were poorly educated, many of them illiterate, and because of this they were exploited by other nations. Many of the countries inhabitants are rough peasants and this exploitation led to a fascist dictatorship. They did not have the opportunities like other countries such as Ghana under the leadership of Nkrumah. Places like this could colonise as the leaders had skewed their colonies and economies and bequeathed more education to its inhabitants. Mozambique was never going to be able to match the massive trading powers of France and Britain, as Portugal had never prepared it to do so. Portugal had exploited it but not developed it. The idea behind neocolonisation was to allow maintenance of economic control but allowing it no input. There were no representatives around the table to help with the management of decolonisation. The only way that Portugal could decolonise Mozambique was through a bloody battle, often in a very vicious manner. The advancing system of France meant also meant that their military were stretched to the limits in trying to protect its country, but stood no chance and were often abandoned, as happened in the civil war. Prior to all this all decisions about the country had gone through the president in Paris, who operated in a Masonic way. Post-modern ideas of independence for Mozambique were hindered by the failure of the Westminster model of government, due to incompatibilities and ill equipped governments. There were often visible aspects of leaders becoming economy holders of the empire of entrepreneurship. Mozambiques problems were confounded and exacerbated by the civil aid programmes that supposedly came to help them. The growth centred approach to poverty only compounded this further. Targeted intervention was of no use as the poverty was so widespread. The average wage was well below the poverty line and there was an even harder exertion for the women to secure rewards that were commensurate with their contributions to the independence struggle. They were often given the opportunity to go to the markets with their produce but were then taxed heavily, and losing out on any sort of profit they may have made, basically a form of legalised extortion. Problems with landmines meant that the land was very dangerous to work on, with a high risk of injury or death. These also helped to slow down economic redevelopment. Many of us will remember the campaigns that were led by Princess Diana showing the terrible injuries that people had suffered through landmines detonating as they worked. There was a plea for international aid to be brought in to clear away the landmines and to give the people a fair chance to improve themselves and their towns. By implementing harsh and complicated economic pressures on its people, this is difficult enough in a wealthy modern state, the picture is even worse when we talk about African countries. The problems with a rapidly collapsing infrastructure, or as in the case of Mozambique, a non existent infrastructure, alongside its entrenched parastatal sector hostile to any change, which may threaten its interests, the problems not only escalate but become utterly formidable. In addition to this, the private sector becomes a strange amalgamation of disparate unrelated components. It consists of large multinationals, medium local sized organisations usually run by Asians, and a huge informal sector that largely comprises of peasant farmers. This means that the private sector is unbalanced and isolated to some extent. Considering all these points it is clear that there should be no rush for the imposition of multi party democracies and an unfettered market economy, even if it was possible to do so for Mozambique. Surely any change should be done gradually, with long term strategies that work alongside and slowly change the present systems. To sum up, arguments for structural adjustment policies of the International Monetary Fund, and lately on an increasing level in the World Bank, only focus on the microeconomic structures, and not the macroeconomic structures of all African countries including Mozambique. One must recognise the role played by recession in the West, due to declining terms of trade for primary products and the oil crisises. Those who believe in structural adjustment believe that the majority of african states share a common state corporatism that is economically corrosive and unproductive. Originally the motivation behind these programmes was to liberalise trade, reduce the role of government and parastate industries in the economy, and to end various subsidies to various sections of the population. It was believed that this would end the balance of payment crises and therefore promote economic growth. By the early 1990s it had been shown that this was not actually the case and that policy based lending had not acheived the intended goals. A new policy was now required to correct this, and the International Monetary Fund now decided that they needed to create a series of rational law based societies throughout sub-Saharan africa. This policy would need to make it clear that investment decisions were to be made on economic grounds, rather than on politically motivated grounds. This plainly put any emphasis of blame, due to previous policy failure, about the economic crisis in Mozambique and esoecially in Mozambique, was laregely a creation of the individual african states themselves. This removed any liability and responsibility on the west, protecting its own interests again. If there is no benefit to themselves there is a reluctance to become involved in the countries problems. The retention of these types of attitudes mean that Mozambiques problems are unlikely to see any significant change in the near future. There will be change but only very slowly as discussed earlier. In my beleif I think the Mozambique people have always been given a rough deal, and cannot see that it will change quickly, as the people who hold the power and capability to enforce change are fearful that they may lose some independance, i. e. the middle class bourguoise. The fear of a lack of control for those in the city, means that the poorer members of society are repressed continually, and because they do not have the capability or knowledge to do something about it, it is unlikely that it will change. I agree that the support given through international aid is necessary, but it should be helping the peasant farmers and the poorer members of society, not just the big boys in the city. This only extenuates the gap between the haves and have nots. Bibliography Tordoff W. Government and politics in Africa. (3rd ed) 1997. Macmillan press. London Clapham. C. Third World politics: an introduction. 1985. Croom Helm. London Chabal. P. Political Domination in Africa. Reflections on the limits of power. 1986. Canbridge University Press. London Cammack P. Capitalism and democracy in the Third . World. 1997. Leicester University Press. Leicester.. McLean. I. Concise dictionary of politics. 1996. Oxford University Press. Oxford. WebliographyÃ https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/home-office
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Team Project Evaluation Paper - Essay Example The group would thereafter indicate how these attributes compare to those of a larger group. In this regard, the group work will show how the larger groupÃ¢â¬â¢s development is more complex, how they have less freedom to operate, how they use complex communication, how they receive lower satisfaction, how they make slower decisions, how they develop sub-teams, how they have a higher turnover, how they have higher absenteeism, and how they expand the group knowledge. The case scenario that will be used to achieve the above-mentioned objectives is about aliens landing on the planet Earth, first in a small group and then in large group. The study will explore how these different groups act differently and the differences in their behavior based solely on the number of members in each group. In the representation of aliens, the study will use action figures, dolls, and stuffed animals, among others. By doing this we can alter the numbers much easier than if we used real people. Also I believe these Ã¢â¬Å"actorsÃ¢â¬ will be able to have a stronger personality and be able to switch more easily between a small group and a large group since it is only their voices, which will be used, and hence I feel everyone will not be holding back with shyness as much. The genre of the video will be strictly comedy. Therefore, the objective of the video is to make people laugh since we do not want our audience falling asleep and this is another reason why we used things like toys to represent human beings. We are going for a PG 13 to R rated Toy Story vibe based on how intense we can get. There will be a lot physical and verbal comedy based on random actions. For example, in the small group the aliens might be smoking marijuana because they have more freedom to operate, but in a large group you will see that there is less freedom to operate so if an alien starts smoking they will probably be fired. Performance Norms Effort In normal sense it is required that every group membe r should put in a 100 % effort, but as we know this is usually not the case in most group projects. However, the group leader is guaranteeing to put too much effort, to an extent that it will not matter if a few members of the group start to slack. The ideal situation is to have constant communication since this is the most important thing in a successful working relationship. We expect for everyone to text each other back as soon as possible after they receive a text from any group member and if any group member takes longer than a twelve-hour period or the member does not text back at all, he or she will be called upon to explain the lack of communication. We will ensure we stay on the set time schedule by working on a one single concept and this would eliminate the need to reshoot the scenes a bunch of times. We will get the filming portion done all in one day so there will be no chopping of certain scenes during the editing process and the plot of the comedy will remain consiste nt. It is expected that everybody will put their best effort in on that day and no one will be absent during this crucial day. We will not accept any excuses from our members for poor attendance. In addition, enthusiasm and initiative will be expected during the filming stage since failure will not be an option but nevertheless overall A effort is expected from everyone and anything less is frowned upon. Output It is expected th
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
ANALYSIS OF STATE BANK OF INDIA - Case Study Example As the name suggests, State bank of India or SBI is a public sector bank which has branches in most parts of India. Even though SBI still controls a substantial portion of Indian banking industry, competition from private banks and foreign banks is causing big problems to SBI. Some of the major problems facing by SBI at present, are related to marketing, HR, customer service and technology. Private sector banks, such as HDFC and ICICI compete strongly with SBI now. ICICI Bank has already overtook SBI in terms of market capitalization. Rural marketing is another big problem for SBI. Even though SBI has many branches in India, most of these branches are located in urban areas. Rural population still consists of many unbanked people and SBI failed to exploit this community. Lack of employee motivation and communication problems are the major HR problems in SBI. Poor compensation and heavy workloads are some of the reasons for demotivation of SBI employees. Communication is usually taking place in SBI only through one way; from top to the bottom. As a result of that, even talented employees were unable to use their capabilities properly. Customer service is another area in which SBI is facing problems now. Many of the SBI customers have the complaint that they were neither respected nor treated properly by the SBI employees. The high income customers of the SBI believe that they are not getting enough recognition from SBI even though they contribute more than 80% of SBIÃ¢â¬â¢s turnover. Lack of product innovation and the technologies feasible to exploit the banking possibilities in rural areas are some of the technology related problems in SBI. SBI still uses old technologies and the company does not bother very much about developing a technology suitable for the rural communities in India. SBIÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing problems can be solved with the help of tools such as 7Ps marketing mix and General Electric Matrix
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Role of the Researcher and Participants - Essay Example Since this research employs in-depth interviewing, the researcher has to conduct the interviews and administer questionnaires, while ensuring that the information gathered is relevant and is of high quality. In this research, the researcher will serve as the human instrument; therefore, will be charged with asking probing questions, listening, and getting into the deeper levels of the interviews with participants (Hammersley, 2010). Before data collection, it is the role of the researcher to choose the research population, including the criteria for selection, as well as the methodology for the research. In this research therefore, the researcher based the criterion for selection of participants on the aspect of their experience in international negotiations. Therefore, the researcher has the role of ensuring that only those individuals meeting the criteria for selection participate in the research. This will be essential in ensuring that the data collected is relevant to the researc h topic, and is of high quality, as the right participants will have the capability of providing valid and important insights into the research topic. Another important role of the researcher during the research process is to ensure positive relationship with the participants, including the employees of the organizations from which some of the data will be drawn. It is of great importance for the researcher to ensure that the response from participants is positive. This can mainly be achieved by ensuring that the relationship between the researcher and participants is positive. Through this, the participants will have a positive attitude toward the researcher, and will be obliged to cooperate with the... Role of the Researcher and Participants The researcher and the participants are core to any research process. These have different roles they play, which are important in ensuring the successful completion of the research process. This paper focuses on my role as a researcher, including ways that I will adopt to ensure a good relationship with the participants and employees, with whom I will interact during the research process. The intended research on Indian negotiation styles is qualitative in nature, and is also a phenomenological study. In-depth interviews with specific participants and questionnaires will be employed, in order to obtain their perceptions on negotiations in India. Furthermore, the participants in this study include business managers, who have experience in negotiations in India. On the other hand, the researcher is a trained individual in the field of Business Management and International Business, and is currently fulfilling the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Business Administration. This b rief background about the research, the researcher, and the research participants is essential, as it helps in determining the contexts and roles of participants and the researcher in the research process. Committed participants will keep time during interviews and will exhibit a high interest in the research. If the researcher and participants play their different roles in a diligent manner, it is no doubt that quality data will be collected, and the research will be successful.